** Representatives of the textile industry have proposed tax reforms

Editor's Note: As of the end of last year, the complex internal and external economic environment has had a negative impact on the operation and development of the textile industry.

Recently, it has been learned from representatives and committee members participating in the ** that textile companies, especially small and micro enterprises, are currently struggling to survive. Excessive tax burdens have exacerbated the plight of companies. Many representatives from the textile industry have called for reducing the tax burden on textile companies and further deepening the reform of the cotton circulation system so that producers and consumers can effectively enjoy the benefits.

Resolving the “high-learning and low-buckling” of value-added tax for cotton procurement and processing is a topic that has been continuously called for by the industry for many years, but it still has little effect. On this occasion, National ** representative, Wei Xuezhu, chairman of Henan Xinye Textile Group, National ** representative, Sun Yingan, chairman of Hubei Xiaomian Industry Group, National ** representative, Su Shoutang, chairman of Jiangsu Huale Industry Group Co., Ltd., National Representatives of the representative of the Hubei Provincial Textiles Co., Ltd. Li Hongjin, the representative of the National People's Government and the staff of the textile industry of Hubei Xinyi Cotton Textile Co., Ltd., and other representatives of the textile industry, all involved the issue. They told the reporter that cotton is the main raw material of cotton textile processing enterprises and accounts for more than 70% of the total production cost. For a long time, the deduction tax rate for cotton textile enterprises is 13%, and that of cotton textile products is 17%. %, even if it does not add value, cotton textile products also have to bear 4% of taxes, which is undoubtedly a detriment to the textile companies whose profits have been very thin. In addition, adjustments to the cotton import sliding tariff policy and quotas to ensure the smooth flow of cotton import channels are also hot spots for delegates and committee members. They believe that the textile industry is currently faced with difficulties and difficulties faced by excessively high interest rates, difficulties in financing, low income of industrial workers, and unstable teams. In particular, the operating rate of many small and medium-sized cotton textile enterprises is relatively low, and structural adjustment and industrial upgrading cannot be discussed at all. From.

Problems such as the “high-learning, low-buckle” and other issues are still difficult to achieve substantive progress for many years. Some representatives believe that this reflects that the textile industry has not yet received the necessary treatment for household appliances, automobiles and other manufacturing industries. The state should also be at the policy level. Increase support for the textile industry. They suggested that in this year’s structural tax cut policy that continues to be perfected, the country should give priority to the specific conditions and practical difficulties of the cotton textile industry, implement a unified tax on the cotton textile industry, increase the cotton input offset from 13% to 17%, and make The input and output taxes are consistent, reducing the pressure on corporate taxation. At the same time, balance and adjust the taxation of monopoly industries such as electricity, petroleum, and telecommunications, and ensure the country’s overall taxation level.

Wang Tiankai, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the China National Textile and Apparel Federation, said in an interview with reporters that issues such as the reform of the cotton circulation system should be further deepened. Textile is an industry that fully integrates into market competition, but the related resource allocation has not yet achieved globalization. Excessive domestic and foreign cotton price differences have affected the international competitiveness of the domestic textile industry. At the moment, we must focus on adjusting and improving the policy of collecting, reserving, and expanding imports of cotton, and gradually reduce the gap between cotton prices at home and abroad.

Sun Yingan’s representative suggested that the state give a certain percentage of “tax return” to enterprises in the labor-intensive industries such as cotton textiles, return funds to set up specialists, and earmark funds. The returned funds can be divided into three parts: some of them are used to establish skills training for employees**, to make up for corporate training funds, in order to help improve the skills of employees (mostly migrant workers), so that employees can increase their income; some are used to establish wages for employees** To ensure that the wages of employees have increased by a certain percentage each year, leaving room for raising the wages of employees, which is also a response to the expansion of domestic demand; the third part is for the establishment of technological innovations for enterprises and fosters the development potential of enterprises.

Some delegates are concerned about the impact of heavy tax burdens on production companies. Others have turned their attention to the interests of consumers. Li Rucheng, the representative of the National People's Government and Chairman of Youngor Group Co., Ltd., pointed out in his analysis to reporters that the reason why a large quantity of domestically-made garments are more expensive than foreign ones pointed out that domestic garment production, circulation, and consumption must be taxed, adding up to a total tax rate 30%. For example, the taxes that a younger shirt is required to pay are more than 100 yuan, which has accumulated so that consumers cannot afford it and they are reluctant to buy it. The expansion of domestic demand is hampered. Li Rucheng analyzed that in the troika driving economic growth, exports have export tax rebates, and investment can be deducted in some ways, but there is no concession on consumption tax. He hopes that the state can take into account the actual situation of enterprises and consumers and carry out corresponding reform.

Many delegates are particularly concerned about the overburdening of small and micro enterprises. Gao Dekang, chairman of Bosideng Group, said that many large companies have developed from small and micro enterprises. Small and micro enterprises carry the vitality and passion of Chinese entrepreneurs. Only when small and micro enterprises are developed can they fully mobilize people. The passion for entrepreneurship truly realizes possession of wealth. Gao Dekang's representative suggested that the government support the development of small and micro enterprises, and tilt the tax policy to small and micro enterprises. At the same time, he suggested that local governments provide more supportive policies and a relaxed development environment for small and micro enterprises, such as exemption of taxes and fees during the venture period, provision of unsecured guarantees, etc., thereby reducing the operating costs of small and micro enterprises and promoting micro-micro enterprises. Enterprise development leads to employment.

Zhao Linzhong, a representative of the National ** representative and the board of directors of Furun Holding Group, frankly stated that there is a high cost of logistics in the process of development and transformation of small and micro enterprises. At present, there is a high threshold for the implementation of the taxation policy on business tax differences for pilot logistics enterprises. The benefits are narrow. The pilot standard of “paying more than RMB 1 million a year” is difficult for general logistics companies to achieve. In addition, the warehousing business in the logistics industry is subject to a 5% business tax, which is higher than the transportation industry (3% business tax). He suggested that businesses such as warehousing should be levied with reference to the tax rate of the current transport industry, and the full implementation of the business tax on the balance of the logistics enterprises.


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